A scientific theory must make testable or refutable predictions of what should happen or be seen under a given set of new, independent, observing or analysis circumstances from the particular problem or observation the theory was originally designed to explain.

Example: Planet Neptune's inferred presence from Uranus' peculiar lagging and confirmation via telescope observation right where application of Newton celestial mechanics (gravity) theory said it should be.

Example: Madagascar hosts great variety of tenrecs

Dobson's Shrew Tenrec

Hedgehog Tenrec

Large-eared Tenrec

Lesser Hedgehog Tenrec

Streaked Tenrec

Tailless Tenrec

Morphologically and ecologically resemble hedgehogs, shrews, opossums, mice, & otters.

Claims of Darwinian history for tenrecs:

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